Michigan Democratic Governor Gretchen Whitmer has filed a lawsuit to remove a nearly 100-year-old unenforced state law banning abortion as states prepare for a U.S. Supreme Court ruling that would change the constitutional protections of abortion care. can disrupt.
In the coming months, the nation’s Supreme Court is expected to rule on a Mississippi case involving a state law banning abortion at 15 weeks of pregnancy. Roe v Wadeas well as a precedent set in a separate case, Planned Parenthood v Casey.
“Whatever happens to roe“I’m going to fight hard and use all the resources I have as governor to make sure reproductive freedom is a right for all women in Michigan,” Governor Whitmer said in a statement. “If the U.S. Supreme Court refuses to protect the constitutional right to abortion, the Michigan Supreme Court must intervene.”
The governor’s lawsuit in the Oakland County Circuit Court has invoked its executive power to ask the state Supreme Court to intervene immediately to overturn the 1931 law; Planned Parenthood has filed a similar lawsuit in the Michigan Court of Claims.
Several states have near-complete bans on abortions prior to the landmark 1973 decision in roethat effectively invalidated such prohibitions, although those laws remain on the books, unenforceable.
Meanwhile, Republican officials in the US — emboldened by the expected Supreme Court ruling in a case that could determine the fate of protecting women in health care — have filed dozens of bills or passed laws that could immediately or quickly ban abortion in more than 20 states if roe being destroyed, blocking abortion care for millions of Americans.
After the opening arguments of December in Dobbs v Jackson Women’s Health OrganizationThe six conservative Supreme Court justices signaled their willingness to defend Mississippi, which presented the greatest direct challenge to the constitutional right to abortion care.
The Supreme Court has also refused to intervene to overturn a Texas law that bans abortion in almost all cases, including rape or incest.
This week, the Oklahoma House of Representatives overwhelmingly passed a bill that would criminalize performing an abortion in the state with a prison term of up to 10 years.
Oklahoma state lawmakers also passed a bill this year that would ban abortion in nearly all cases, including prohibiting doctors from performing or inducing an abortion at any point during pregnancy unless it is “in order to preserve the life of the patient.” pregnant person”.
If the law is signed, the ban would take effect immediately.
An Idaho bill — the first in the nation to legislate to mirror Texas’ restrictive law — also allows relatives of what the legislation calls “an unborn child” to take legal action against providers, with compensation of at least $ 20,000 plus legal fees, in lawsuits that can be filed up to four years after an abortion.
Opponents argue that such provisions effectively allow people to take advantage of “premiums” aimed at women seeking medical care.
Republicans in several other states — including Arizona, Kentucky, Florida and West Virginia — have passed measures that mirror the law at the heart of the Supreme Court’s case by banning abortion after 15 weeks of pregnancy.
On Monday, Colorado Governor Jared Polis signed the Reproductive Health Equity Act to codify abortion rights in the state.